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Lesson Navigation IconLayout Design Settings / Graphical Semiology

Unit Navigation IconMap Size and Scale

Unit Navigation IconDefinition and Organisation of Map Elements

Unit Navigation IconTypography

Unit Navigation IconColour Design

Unit Navigation IconReadability Rules

LO Navigation IconBalance of Map Elements

LO Navigation IconContrast Design of Visual Tone

LO Navigation IconGraphic Density

LO Navigation IconShape Readability

LO Navigation IconAngular Readability

LO Navigation IconReadability of Colour Patterns

LO Navigation IconLand-Water Contrast

LO Navigation Iconwhiteboard discussion

LO Navigation IconTest your knowledge about readability here

Unit Navigation IconMap Critics

Unit Navigation IconSummary

Unit Navigation IconRecommended Reading

Unit Navigation IconGlossary

Unit Navigation IconBibliography

Unit Navigation IconMetadata

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Land-Water Contrast

One particular case is the land-water contrast. The differentiation between land and water on a map is often unclear. The reason for this arises through graphic elements being arranged in such a way, creating a conflict when reading.

During your group discussion, you were given an expression of the land-water-displaying problem. Land areas, if not presented correctly, are perceived as figures and water-areas as ground. The following solution for better differentiation exist – you may compare them with your own results: The problem was solved by vignetting at the coastlines. A continuous tone of increasing brightness, away from the coastline is best for reading and is more aesthetically pleasing. If you cannot make use of the vignetting technique, at least, surface-texture differences between land and water should be developed. One last suggestion is to arrange the shapes in a map frame to reduce the possibilities of ambiguous or reversible figures.

The following examples finally show five simple sketch maps to illustrate various aspects of the land-water relationship:

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